CAS (China)

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Chinese Academy of Sciences is the linchpin of China’s drive to explore and harness high technology and the natural sciences for the benefit of China and the world. Comprising a comprehensive research and development network, a merit-based learned society and a system of higher education, CAS brings together scientists and engineers from China and around the world to address both theoretical and applied problems using world-class scientific and management approaches.

Institute of Automation Chinese Academy of Sciences

Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASIA), as one of the earliest national automation institutes in China, was established in October, 1956. In 1968, in order to accelerate development of space technology in China, CASIA was included in China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), renamed as Institute of Space Control Technology and designated as 502 Institute of People’s Liberation Army of China. In 1970, CAS reestablished CASIA according to the needs of development in automation technology.

Institute of Biophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was established in 1958 by Prof. BEI Shizhang, a renowned biologist and distinguished CAS member. The mission of the institute is to carry out basic frontier research in a multi/interdisciplinary manner to achieve strategic breakthroughs in such areas as protein sciences, brain and cognitive sciences, infection and immunity, non-coding RNA, and protein and peptide drugs, among others. The institute also emphasizes applied and translational research related to biomedicine and diagnostic methods, including the development of state-of-the-art instruments, key technologies and experimental methods for bioresearch.

Institute of Chemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences

Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS) was founded in 1956. ICCAS is a multi-disciplinary research institute dedicated to the basic research in broad fields of chemical sciences, and to the key developments of the innovative high technologies aiming to the imperative national needs and important strategic targets, as well as to the collaborative high-technology applications and transfers. ICCAS is one of China’s leading chemistry research institutions with high international reputation.

Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGGCAS) was formed in June 1999, through the integration of the Institute of Geology, CAS and the Institute of Geophysics, CAS. In 2004, the Ionosphere Research Room of the Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences was also integrated into the IGGCAS. Since this integration, IGGCAS has become one of the most important and well known geoscience research institutions in China.

Institute of Hydrobiology Chinese Academy of Sciences

With a history of 82 years, Institute of Hydrobiology (hereinafter abbreviated as IHB), Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter abbreviated as CAS), is a comprehensive academic research institution which devotes to the studies of life processes of inland aquatic organisms, ecological environment protection and utilization of biological resources. It was then located in Shanghai, but moved to Wuhan in September 1954. In 2011, IHB entered the pilot project of the CAS Innovation 2020 programme. In 2015, it became one of the feature institutes in the CAS pioneer initiative.

Institute of Microbiology Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Institute of Microbiology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMCAS) is the largest microbiological research institution in China. It was founded on December 3, 1958, through the merger of the Institute of Applied Mycology and the Beijing Laboratories of Microbiology, both of which were affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). IMCAS was initially located in Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing. In early 2007, the major part of the Institute was relocated to the CAS Life Science Park near the Olympic Village in Chaoyang District, Beijing. After over 50 years of development, it has become the nation’s largest comprehensive research institution of microbiological science.

Institute of Oceanology Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS), which is located in Qingdao, Shandong Province, was founded in 1950. It is the first ocean research institute in China. During its 63-year history, the institute has trained around 1,000 senior scientists and technicians. At present, the institute has nearly 500 scientific and technical personnel, including 175 senior research technicians and 101 doctoral instructors. The institute is home to five CAS key laboratories in the fields of experimental marine biology; marine ecology and environmental sciences; ocean circulation and wave studies; marine geology and environment; and marine corrosion and protection. It also has an institute-level key laboratory devoted to marine organism taxonomy and phylogeny studies.

Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences

The Institute of Physics (IOP) was established in 1950, through the merger of the National Research Institute of Physics of Academia Sinica (established in 1928), and the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Peiping (established in 1929). After the founding of the People’s Republic of China it became known as the Institute of Applied Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The present name was adopted in October 1958. Through the steadfast efforts of generations of scientists, IOP has become a comprehensive and multidisciplinary research organization engaged in research on basic and applied physics. Its current research focuses mainly on condensed matter physics, optical physics, atomic and molecular physics, plasma physics, soft matter physics, and condensed matter theory and computational physics.

Institute of Process Engineering Chinese Academy of Sciences

The history of Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IPE-CAS), dates back to Oct.1, 1958, when its predecessor, Institute of Chemical Metallurgy (ICM), was inaugurated. Over the past 50 years, its research objective has been broadened from chemical metallurgy to process engineering, including energy, bio-chemical engineering, materials and green and environmental engineering. ICM was renamed as IPE in 2001.

Institute of Zoology Chinese Academy of Sciences

Institute of Zoology (IOZ), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), is a government-funded research institution in zoological sciences. It has a long history of over 80 years. The predecessor of IOZ was Fan Memorial Institute of Biology founded in 1928. Many distinguished scientists including thirteen CAS Academicians started their research career in IOZ. Some of them are founders of various sub-disciplines of zoology in China, such as Professor Bing Zhi, first director of IOZ and one of the main founders of modern biology in China.